Conclave: A few dates with history

From News.va / Vatican Radio

(Vatican Radio) Below we publish a few fun facts about Conclaves in modern history provided for us by Dr. Donald Prudlo, Associate Professor of History at Jacksonville State University, Alabama:
1740 election of Benedict XIV (d. 1758). 51 electors, 4 died during conclave
18 Feb – 17 August (181 days) (LONGEST IN MODERN HISTORY)

1758 election of Clement XIII (d. 1769)
45 electors, 44 at final ballot. 15 May – 6 July (53 days)

1769 election of Clement XIV (d. 1774) (Clement was O.F.M. Conv.)
46 electors 15 Feb – 19 May (94 days)

1774-1775 election of Pius VI (d. 1799)
44 electors, 2 died 5 Oct 1774 – 15 Feb 1775 (133 days)

1799-1800 election of Pius VII (d. 1823) (Venice: Rome occupied, last election outside of Rome)
34 electors 1 Dec 1799 – 14 March 1800 (105 days)

1823 election of Leo XII (d. 1829)
49 electors 2 Sep – 28 – Sep (27 days)

1829 election of Pius VIII (d. 1830)
50 electors 24 Feb – 31 March (36 days)

1830-1831 election of Gregory XVI (d. 1846) (LAST CARDINAL NOT A BISHOP TO BE ELECTED)
45 electors 14 Dec 1830 – 2 Feb 1831 (51 days)

1846 Bl. Pius IX (d. 1878) (beginning of the short conclaves)
50 electors 14-16 June (3 days)

1878 Leo XII (d. 1903) (First non European Cardinal arrives too late, John McCloskey of NYC)
61 electors 18-20 Feb (3 days)

1903 St. Pius X (d. 1914) (First non-European elector, Gibbons, Baltimore; last ius exclusivae —the so-called ‘veto’ which was formally abolished by Pius X)
64 electors7 Ballots
31 Jul – 4 Aug (4 days)

1914 Benedict XV (d. 1922) (2 Americans and 1 Quebecer locked out of Conclave having arrived late; 1st Latin American Cardinal)
57 electors10 ballots
(31 Aug – 3 Sep)

1922 Pius XI (d. 1939) (2 Americans and 1 Quebecer locked out of Conclave AGAIN — after this Conclave, a 15 day rule was intituted to allow all Cardinal electors time to arrive) 53 electors
14 ballots
2-6 Feb (5 days)

1939 Piux XII (d. 1958) (1st Eastern Rite Patriarch participates)
62 electors (all living cardinals)3 ballots (FEWEST BALLOTS and SHORTEST CONCLAVE
1-2 March (2 days)

1958 Bl. John XXIII (d. 1963) (First Chinese, Indian, and African Cardinals) 51 electors, 11 ballots
25-28 Oct (4 days)

1963 Paul VI (d. 1978) 80 electors, 6 ballots
19-21 June (3 days)

1978(1) John Paul I (d. 1978) (First conclave where over -80s didn’t participate) 111 electors, 4 ballots
25-26 Aug (2 days)

1978(2) Bl. John Paul II (d. 2005) 111 electors, 8 ballots
14-16 Oct (3 days)

2005 Benedict XVI 115 electors (EQUALS LARGEST NUMBER, 115 this time), 4 ballots
18-19 April (2 days)

2013 First conclave in Lent since 1829

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1 Response to Conclave: A few dates with history

  1. Toad says:

    Toad found it all utterly incomprehensible.
    Couldn’t tell where anything started or ended, or what belonged with what.

    That’s probably the intention, he supposes.

    Bit of creative typography and spacing might help.

    Like

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