October: The month of the Holy Rosary

The month of October is dedicated to the Holy Rosary. According to an account by fifteenth-century Dominican, Alan de la Roch, Mary appeared to St. Dominic in 1206 after he had been praying and doing severe penances because of his lack of success in combating the Albigensian heresy. Mary praised him for his valiant fight against the heretics and then gave him the Rosary as a mighty weapon, explained its uses and efficacy, and told him to preach it to others.

“Since the prayers of the Rosary come from such excellent sources — from Our Lord Himself, from inspired Scripture, and from the Church — it is not surprising that the Rosary is so dear to our Blessed Mother and so powerful with heaven.

“If we consider the power of the Rosary as seen in its effects, we find a great abundance of proofs of its wonderful value. Many are the favors granted to private individuals through its devout recitation: there are few devoted users of the Rosary who cannot testify to experiencing its power in their own lives. If we turn to history, we see many great triumphs of the Rosary. Early tradition attributes the defeat of the Albigensians at the Battle of Muret in 1213 to the Rosary. But even those who do not accept this tradition will admit that St. Pius V attributed the great defeat of the Turkish fleet on the first Sunday of October, 1571, to the fact that at the same time the Rosary confraternities at Rome and elsewhere were holding their processions. Accordingly, he ordered a commemoration of the Rosary to be made on that day. Two years later, Gregory XIII allowed the celebration of a feast of the Rosary in churches having an altar dedicated to the Rosary. In 1671, Clement X extended the feast to all Spain. A second great victory over the Turks, who once, like the Russians, threatened the ruin of Christian civilization, occurred on August 5, 1716, when Prince Eugene defeated them at Peterwardein in Hungary. Thereupon Clement XI extended the feast of the Rosary to the whole Church.

“Today, when dangers far greater than those of the ancient Turks threaten not only Christianity but all civilization, we are urged by our Blessed Mother to turn again to the Rosary for help. If men in sufficient numbers do this, and at the same time carry out the other conditions that she has laid down, we have the greater reason for confidence that we will be delivered from our dangers.” — Mary in our Life by Fr. William G. Most

The Rosary and the Liturgical Year

The Rosary had its origin in the liturgical mentality of former ages. Even at the present time it is called “Mary’s Psalter.” There still are Catholics who consider the 150 Hail Marys a substitute for the 150 psalms for those persons who neither have the time, the education, nor the opportunity to pray the Hours of the Divine Office. Thus “Mary’s Psalter” is a shortened, simplified “breviary” — alongside the common Hour-prayer of the Church. — The Church’s Year of Grace, Dr. Pius Parsch

The Rosary is Christocentric setting forth the entire life of Jesus Christ, the passion, death, resurrection and glory. Of course, the Rosary honors and contemplates Mary too, and rightly so, for the same reason that the Liturgical Year does likewise: “Because of the mission she received from God, her life is most closely linked with the mysteries of Jesus Christ, and there is no one who has followed in the footsteps of the Incarnate Word more closely and with more merit than she”142 (Mediator Dei). Meditation on this cycle of Joyful, Sorrowful, Glorious and Luminous Mysteries makes the Rosary not only “a breviary or summary of the Gospel and of Christian life,”(Ingravescentibus malis) but also a compendium of the Liturgical Year. Therewith the Rosary stands revealed as a dynamic teacher and nurturer of Christian faith, morality, and spiritual perfection, fostering in various ways faith, hope, charity, and the other virtues, and mediating special graces, all to the end that we may become more and more like unto Christ. — Mariology, Juniper B. Carol, O.F.M.

The Rosary and the Popes

No form of extra-liturgical devotion to Mary is more widely practiced among the faithful or found by them to be more satisfyingly complete than the Rosary, which has come to be regarded as the very badge of Catholic piety. No form of extra-liturgical devotion to Mary has been recommended more warmly or frequently by the Popes. With perhaps two exceptions, all the Sovereign Pontiffs from Sixtus IV in 1478 down to John XXIII, especially Leo XIII (in 23 documents, ten of them encyclicals entirely on the Rosary) and his successors, have extolled this form of prayer, which has been the favorite, moreover, of such saints as Teresa of Avila, Francis de Sales, Louis de Montfort, Alphonsus Liguori, Don Bosco, Bernadette, and many more.

The authentic Rosary is a happy combination of vocal and mental prayer, each of which is essential to the devotion. It is incorrect to say that meditation is “the very essence of the Rosary devotion,” for vocal recitation of the prayers is also of the essence. Meditation is, of course, the nobler element, the “soul,” while vocal prayer is the “body” of the devotion. The Rosary, Pope Leo XIII declared, “is composed of two parts, distinct but inseparable — the meditation on the mysteries and the recitation of the prayers. It is thus a kind of prayer that requires not only some raising of the soul to God, but also a particular and explicit attention” (Incunda semper). Hence, as Pope Pius XI stated, they err “who consider this devotion merely a boresome formula repeated with monotonous and singsong intonation” (Ingravescentibus malis). Moreover, as Pius XI put it, “both piety and love, although always breathing forth the same words, do not, however, repeat the same thing, but they fervently express something ever new which the loving heart always sends forth.” And finally, in the words of Pius XII, “the recitation of identical formulas, repeated so many times, rather than rendering the prayer sterile and boring, has on the contrary the admirable quality of infusing confidence in him who prays, and brings to bear a gentle compulsion on the motherly heart of Mary (Ingravescentibus malis). — Mariology, Juniper B. Carol, O.F.M.

Pope Benedict XVI in an address at the Basilica of St. Mary Major where he prayed the rosary with the faithful said:

Today, together we confirm that the Holy Rosary is not a pious practice banished to the past, like prayers of other times thought of with nostalgia. Instead, the Rosary is experiencing a new Springtime. Without a doubt, this is one of the most eloquent signs of love that the young generation nourish for Jesus and his Mother, Mary. In the current world, so dispersive, this prayer helps to put Christ at the centre, as the Virgin did, who meditated within all that was said about her Son, and also what he did and said. When reciting the Rosary, the important and meaningful moments of salvation history are relived. The various steps of Christ’s mission are traced. With Mary the heart is oriented toward the mystery of Jesus. Christ is put at the centre of our life, of our time, of our city, through the contemplation and meditation of his holy mysteries of joy, light, sorrow and glory. May Mary help us to welcome within ourselves the grace emanating from these mysteries, so that through us we can “water” society, beginning with our daily relationships, and purifying them from so many negative forces, thus opening them to the newness of God. The Rosary, when it is prayed in an authentic way, not mechanical and superficial but profoundly, it brings, in fact, peace and reconciliation. It contains within itself the healing power of the Most Holy Name of Jesus, invoked with faith and love at the centre of each “Hail Mary”.

The Mysteries of the Rosary

Until about the 15th century hundreds of mysteries were part of the Rosary devotion then the 15 mysteries that we know today were definitively fixed as “the Mysteries of the Rosary.” Pope John Paul II, in his encyclical, Rosarium Virginis Mariae, in 2002 added the five Luminous Mysteries.

The 15 Promises of Our Lady made to St. Dominic and Bl. Alan de la Roche

1) To all those who shall recite my Rosary devoutly, I promise my special protection and very great graces.

2) Those who shall persevere in the recitation of my Rosary shall receive some signal grace.

3) The Rosary shall be a very powerful armor against hell; it will destroy vice, deliver from sin, and dispel heresy.

4) The Rosary will make virtue and good works flourish, and will obtain for souls the most abundant divine mercies; it will substitute in hearts love of God for love of the world, and will lift them to the desire of heavenly and eternal things. How many souls shall sanctify themselves by this means!

5) Those who trust themselves to me through the Rosary, shall not perish.

6) Those who shall recite my Rosary devoutly, meditating on its mysteries, shall not be overwhelmed by misfortune. The sinner shall be converted; the just shall grow in grace and become worthy of eternal life.

7) Those truly devoted to my Rosary shall not die without the Sacraments of the Church.

8) Those who recite my Rosary shall find during their life and at their death the light of God, the fullness of His graces, and shall share in the merits of the blessed.

9) I shall deliver very promptly from purgatory the souls devoted to my Rosary.

10) The true children of my Rosary shall enjoy great glory in heaven.

11) What you ask through my Rosary, you shall obtain.

12) Those who propagate my Rosary shall be aided by me in all their necessities.

13) I have obtained from my Son that all the members of the Rosary Confraternity shall have for their brethren the saints of heaven during their life and at the hour of death.

14) Those who recite my Rosary faithfully are all my beloved children, the brothers and sisters of Jesus Christ.

15) Devotion to my Rosary is a great sign of predestination.


About Gertrude

Sáncte Míchael Archángele, defénde nos in proélio, cóntra nequítiam et insídias diáboli ésto præsídium.
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10 Responses to October: The month of the Holy Rosary

  1. Toad says:

    “If we turn to history, we see many great triumphs of the Rosary. Early tradition attributes the defeat of the Albigensians at the Battle of Muret in 1213 to the Rosary. But even those who do not accept this tradition will admit that St. Pius V attributed the great defeat of the Turkish fleet on the first Sunday of October, 1571, to the fact that at the same time the Rosary confraternities at Rome and elsewhere were holding their processions. “

    First say the Rosary, then kill the enemy. Nice.


  2. Toad says:

    …Mind you, the Albigensians had it coming.


  3. Mimi says:

    Oh, tender-hearted Toad! I suppose you would have preferred them to ‘dialogue’ with heretics and heathens instead?


  4. johnhenrycn says:

    He can’t help himself, Mimi. Like another commenter, GC, said awhile back, there’s no tone on this blog that Toad won’t try to lower. Or something like that.


  5. Toad says:

    A charitable and kindly thought, Mimi. (and JH, natch,)

    It just seems to me that one of Christianity’s least endearing facets is its unrelenting and aggressive delight in bellicosity. Of which the above is a case in point.
    Of course, I might be wrong. It is a cruel and vicious world, after all. And what can one do?
    Mind you, Christianity is not the only culprit.
    Those aggressive old Muslims!


  6. Roger says:

    The Holy Rosary and the Brown Scapular are entwined.
    What is God’s view on Death? This is important before looking at the Rosary.
    The Death of the Soul. That is real death since the death of the body (all must die) is the birth into Eternity.
    The death of the Soul and the Heresy. The soul of the formal heretic is dead because the formal heretic has killed the image of God in their soul. Man has free will and can choose Eternal Death.
    Toad you are wrong and misunderstand Christianity. Our Lord didn’t deny or accuse the Roman soldiers. Our Lord didn’t say that soldiering was wrong! Soldiering is an honourable profession. Keeping the Peace is an honourable thing to do. Combating heresy is a continuation of the battle between the fallen angels and the angelic host under St Michael.
    Just as Our Lord’s Messianic Prophecy’s start in Genesis. So running with these are the Marian Prophecy’s.
    Crushing Satan’s Head (His brain, mouth, eyes, ears, taste, speech and false intellect) is a violent Act, just as His lying in wait for her heel!
    Satan is a condemned creature as are those who have chosen him. Our Lady not Our Lord is God’s chosen adversary. A very real battle between the hosts of Mary and the Hosts of Hell. The Triumph Of The Immaculate (Fatima) is the assurance of the victory of the Rosary (Fatima miracle October 1917)
    No lover of Our Lady will accept a world of divorce, abortion, avarice, sexual deviations. No Toad the Rosary is a weapon more powerful than the Bomb. Sic the Jesuits protected and saved in Hiroshima! The Fathers of the Church said that the Church recreates the life Of Our Lord, The Passion and purgation of the mystical Body which we are living through (the Cross) and its apparent death preceeds that Fatima Triumph.
    Understand that the greatest Grace is perseverance and this is what is bringing about Our Lady’s Triumph.
    I love and have loved for years the Holy Rosary!!


  7. kathleen says:

    A beautiful comment Roger, full of the Truths of our Glorious Faith.

    I have also loved the Holy Rosary ever since I learned to pray it with my father as a little girl.


  8. Toad says:

    “Toad you are wrong and misunderstand Christianity. Our Lord didn’t deny or accuse the Roman soldiers. Our Lord didn’t say that soldiering was wrong! “</i.

    When did I ever say Christ did?

    He did say, “Turn the other cheek,” though.
    One of the greatest things anyone has ever said. Maybe the greatest.
    Nobody took any notice, though.
    Including Toad.


  9. Brother Burrito says:

    When you turn the other cheek, you also turn the other eye.

    A person hurts you and your natural impulse is to hurt back.

    Christ says, stop, see why they hurt you, what was their upset caused by, understand them and then forgive them. This might break the cycle of violence.

    Of note is that we only have two cheeks and two eyes. I don’t think we finite beings are expected to turn our cheeks infinitely.

    Only the Son of God can do that.


  10. Roger says:

    Our Lord treated people very differently in the Gospels and he wasn’t above taking the lash to the money changers. His Justice and his Mercy are actually the same.
    We must never forget what Holiness, Purity and sinless mean. One thing the poor sinner and another Sin. When a town, city, country or nation bcome spiritually dead then how can they been revived?
    In Gods eyes where is the point in prolonging a dead soul? If they have taken themselves beyond redemption and what is worse kill their own children? Without the possibility of salvation that town, city, country or nation has already chosen its Eternal destiny. Sic Sodom (sexual pervertions) , Gomorrah (Avarice).
    I see this as the reason why Fatima “..The good will be martyred; the Holy Father will have much to suffer; various nations will be annihilated. In the end, my Immaculate Heart will triumph…” the destruction of nations!
    To the hateful God is seen as vindictive, but to the loving we see His wisdom and providence.
    We have to persevere! many start but few persevere! Persevere with the Rosary and you will see and understand these 15 promises. Takes five minutes to learn and a life time to perfect!
    Ave Maria Purissima


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