To quieten the mind during prayer?

By Dan Burke from Roman Catholic Spiritual Direction:

prayingmanQ: Dear Saint Teresa, I have read a number of books on prayer that advocate methods of suppressing, shutting down, or eliminating thinking all together during prayer.  In one centering prayer book it said to “let your thoughts go” and that “thoughts are a normal part of prayer.” Even though the book claimed that it was not teaching to eliminate thoughts, in the end, the method taught that we seek a state where thoughts have no impact on our mind or prayer so… Anyway, do you recommend this approach?

A: I cannot understand how the mind can be stopped. There is no way of doing so without bringing about more harm than good. For my part, those in favor of stopping the mind have never given me an adequate argument for submitting to what they say.

Here are my reasons:

First, in this work of the spirit the one who thinks less and has less desire to act (in suppressing their thoughts) does more. What we must do is beg like the needy poor before a rich and great emperor, and then lower our eyes and wait with humility. When through His secret paths it seems we understand that He hears us, then it is good to be silent since He has allowed us to remain near Him; and it will not be wrong to avoid working with the intellect. But, if we don’t yet know whether this King has heard or seen us, we mustn’t become fools. The soul does become quite a fool as when it tries to induce this prayer, and it is left much drier; and the imagination perhaps becomes more restless through the effort made not to think of anything. But the Lord desires that we beseech Him and call to mind that we are in His presence; He knows what is suitable for us. I cannot persuade myself to use human diligence in a matter in which it seems His Majesty has placed a limit, and I want to leave the diligence to Him. What He did not reserve to Himself are many other efforts we can make with His help, such as: penance, good deeds, and prayer – insofar as our wretchedness can do these things.

Second, is that these interior works are all gentle and peaceful; doing something arduous would cause more harm than good. I call any force that we might want to use “something arduous.” Leave the soul in God’s hands, let Him do whatever He wants with it, with the greatest disinterest about your own benefit as is possible and the greatest resignation to the will of God.

Third, the very care used not to think of anything will perhaps rouse the mind to think very much.

Fourth, what is most essential and pleasing to God is that we be mindful of His honor and glory and forget ourselves and our own profit and comfort and delight. How is a person forgetful of self if he is so careful not to stir or even to allow his intellect or desires to be stirred to a longing for the greater glory of God? When His Majesty desires the intellect to stop, He occupies it in another way and gives it a light so far above what we can attain that it remains absorbed. Then, without knowing how, the intellect is much better instructed than it was through all the soul’s effort not to make use of it. Since God gave us our faculties that we might work with them and in this work they find their reward, there is no reason to charm them; we should let them perform their task until God appoints them to another greater one.

Without any effort or noise, the soul should strive to cut down the rambling of the intellect – but not suspend either it or the mind; it is good to be aware that one is in God’s presence and of who God is when in prayer.

St. Teresa of Avila

Adapted from The Interior Castle, 4:3

For further posts from RCSD on prayer click here and here.

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5 Responses to To quieten the mind during prayer?

  1. Therese Steinlauf says:

    What a strange post. I thought that the definition of prayer was “lifting one’s mind and heart to God.” How can one do that if one’s mind is not engaged? Then there is the whole question of meditation, like when saying the Rosary. How can one meditate if not using the mind? The more relevant question is how to keep one’s thoughts centered on God, Mary, or holy ideas, so that it doesn’t wander off to other topics, like what to serve for dinner, or when to make a hair appointment, or what color to paint the walls, etc. You can’t turn off your mind, in any case, even when you are asleep, so better to practice how to focus it.

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  2. We need to move away from the things which CAUSE us distractions. Anything we watch or listen to or read goes into our imaginations. Yes, we are responsible for these things and for anxieties. Anxieties are sinful in so far that these lead us away from trusting in Divine Providence.

    There is more to it than this quotation.

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  3. johnhenrycn says:

    Do we wish to quiet the mind, or to focus the mind during prayer? Those verbs are interchangeable, I suppose. One thing I try to do with traditional prayers (Our Father and the Angelus, for example) when my thoughts wander, is to return to square one and start over. After three or four tries, I usually manage to reach the end without straying. Obviously, this method is not useful when praying extemporaneously.

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  4. Gosh, I think this quote can serve to remind us of what a spiritual giant St Teresa of Avila must have been. I don’t really understand what she’s saying except the last bit:

    “Without any effort or noise, the soul should strive to cut down the rambling of the intellect – but not suspend either it or the mind; it is good to be aware that one is in God’s presence and of who God is when in prayer.”

    What has worked for recently is I acknowledge that whatever wanders into my mind (as long as it’s not sinful) is interesting and deserves to be thought about, but that will be done later. Now is time for God; I had all day to think of those other things. It’s not dismissing the idea exactly, but just giving it a different time slot in my day.

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  5. Shadaan says:

    You are in trouble, or confused, you pray for guidance or beg for clarity. You look for help to what you call a God entity. In this is implied that God, is going to clear up the confusion which we have created. Since it is we who have brought about the confusion, the misery, the chaos, the appalling tyranny, the lack of love, and we want what we call God to clear it up. In other words, we want our confusion, our misery, our sorrow, our conflict, to be cleared away by somebody else. We petition another to bring us light and happiness. Now when you pray, when you beg, petition for something, it generally comes into being. When you ask, you receive; but what you receive will not create order, because what you receive does not bring clarity, understanding, it only satisfies, gives gratification but does not bring about understanding, because, when you demand, you receive that which you yourself project. How can reality, God, answer your particular demand? Why would the immeasurable, be concerned with our petty little worries, miseries, confusions, which we ourselves have created?

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