1. The Story of St. Benedict
St. Benedict of Nursia, Italy (A.D. 480-543), the twin brother of St. Scholastica, is considered to be the Father of Western monasticism, and his “Rule of St. Benedict” came to be the basis of organization for many religious orders (his own Order has its cradle at Monte Cassino, Italy, about 80 miles South of Rome).
At any rate, in order to understand the symbolism of the Medal, you must know of this event in St. Benedict’s life: he’d been living as a hermit in a cave for three years, famous for his holiness, when a religious community came to him after the death of their abbot and asked Benedict to take over. Some of the “monks” didn’t like this plan and attempted to kill him with poisoned bread and wine. Just as St. John the Divine was miraculously saved from being poisoned, when St. Benedict made the sign of the Cross over these things, he came to know they were poisoned, so he toppled the cup and commanded a raven to carry off the bread.
2. The Jubilee Medal of St. Benedict
The Catholic Encyclopedia Explains:
One side of the medal bears an image of St. Benedict, holding a cross in the right hand and the Holy Rule in the left. On the one side of the image is a cup, on the other a raven, and above the cup and the raven are inscribed the words: “Crux Sancti Patris Benedicti” (Cross of the Holy Father Benedict). Round the margin of the medal stands the legend “Ejus in obitu nostro praesentia muniamus” (May we at our death be fortified by his presence).
The reverse of the medal bears a cross with the initial letters of the words: “Crux Sacra Sit Mihi Lux” (The Holy Cross be my light), written downward on the perpendicular bar; the initial letters of the words, “Non Draco Sit Mihi Dux” (Let not the dragon be my guide), on the horizontal bar; and the initial letters of “Crux Sancti Patris Benedicti” in the angles of the cross. Round the margin stand the initial letters of the distich: “Vade Retro Satana, Nunquam Suade Mihi Vana — Sunt Mala Quae Libas, Ipse Venena Bibas” (Begone, Satan, do not suggest to me thy vanities — evil are the things thou profferest, drink thou thy own poison). At the top of the cross usually stands the word Pax (peace) or the monogram I H S (Jesus).
3. The History of the Jubilee Medal
The Catholic encyclopedia recounts:
The medal just described is the so-called jubilee medal, which was struck first in 1880, to commemorate the fourteenth centenary of St. Benedict’s birth. The Archabbey of Monte Cassino has the exclusive right to strike this medal. The ordinary medal of St. Benedict usually differs from the preceding in the omission of the words “Ejus in obitu etc.”, and in a few minor details. (For the indulgences connected with it see Beringer, “Die Ablässe”, Paderborn, 1906, p. 404-6.)
The habitual wearer of the jubilee medal can gain all the indulgences connected with the ordinary medal and, in addition:
(1) All the indulgences that could be gained by visiting the basilica, crypt, and tower of St. Benedict at Monte Cassino (Pius IX, 31 December, 1877)
(2) A plenary indulgence on the feast of All Souls (from about two o’clock in the afternoon of 1 November to sunset of 2 November), as often as (toties quoties), after confession and Holy Communion, he visits any church or public oratory, praying there according to the intention of the pope, provided that he is hindered from visiting a church or public oratory of the Benedictines by sickness, monastic enclosure or a distance of at least 1000 steps. (Decr. 27 February, 1907, in Acta S. Sedis, LX, 246.) Any priest may receive the faculties to bless these medals.
4. The Ancient Origins of the Medal
The Catholic Encyclopedia recounts:
It is doubtful when the Medal of St. Benedict originated. During a trial for witchcraft at Natternberg near the Abbey of Metten in Bavaria in the year 1647, the accused women testified that they had no power over Metten, which was under the protection of the cross. Upon investigation, a number of painted crosses, surrounded by the letters which are now found on Benedictine medals, were found on the walls of the abbey, but their meaning had been forgotten.
Finally, in an old manuscript, written in 1415, was found a picture representing St. Benedict holding in one hand a staff which ends in a cross, and a scroll in the other. On the staff and scroll were written in full the words of which the mysterious letters were the initials. Medals bearing the image of St. Benedict, a cross, and these letters began now to be struck in Germany, and soon spread over Europe. They were first approved by Benedict XIV in his briefs of 23 December, 1741, and 12 March, 1742.
5. The Medal Wards Against
1. To destroy witchcraft and all other diabolical and haunting influences;
2. To impart protection to persons tempted, deluded, or tormented by evil spirits;
3. To obtain the conversion of sinners into the Catholic Church, especially when they are in danger of death;
4. To serve as an armor against temptation;
5. To destroy the effects of poison;
6. To secure a timely and healthy birth for children;
7. To afford protection against storms and lightning;
8. To serve as an efficacious remedy for bodily afflictions and a means of protection against contagious diseases.
6. How to use the medal
1. On a chain around the neck;
2. Attached to one’s rosary;
3. Kept in one’s pocket or purse;
4. Placed in one’s car or home;
5. Placed in the foundation of a building;
6. Placed in the center of a cross.
The use of any religious article is intended as a means of reminding one of God and of inspiring a willingness and desire to serve God and neighbor. It is not regarded as a good luck charm or magical device.1
7. The Cross of the Happy Death
The excellent Catholic source Fisheaters explains:
This Crucifix is known as “The Cross of a Happy Death” not only because of the exorcizing properties of the Medal and the image of Christ’s Body, but because of St. Benedict’s particular patronage based on his death. Pope St. Gregory the Great (A.D. ca. 540-604) describes his passing in his Dialogue:
Six days before he left this world he gave orders to have his sepulchre opened, and forthwith falling into an ague, he began with burning heat to wax faint; and when as the sickness daily increased, upon the sixth day he commanded his monks to carry him into the oratory, where he did arm himself receiving the Body and Blood of our Saviour Christ; and having his weak body holden up betwixt the hands of his disciples, he stood with his own hands lifted up to heaven; and as he was in that manner praying, he gave up the ghost.
A plenary indulgence is granted under the usual conditions to one who, at the hour of his death, kisses, touches, or otherwise reverences the Crucifix, and commends his soul to God.
As a footnote, an excellent English edition of The Rule of St Benedict, translated with an introduction by Francis Cardinal Gasquet, was published in 1909 (or thereabouts) by Chatto & Windus under the editorship of a Jew, Sir Israel Gollancz, the son of an Orthodox rabbi. I have a 1936 reprint, but I see that a (presumed) first edition in “very good” condition is on offer for £ 8.95 at AbeBooks.co.uk, which seems like a steal for any bibliophiles lurking about.
Abbot Gasquet, as he then was, also wrote the introduction (but didn’t translate) The Nun’s Rule, Being The Ancren Riwle Modernised By James Morton, published by Chatto & Windus in 1907, also under the editorship of the aforementioned Professor Gollancz (as he then was) of which I have the first edition, which I was able to find for only $20 CDN.
…my point being that serious Catholics can help protect the Faith by preserving the sacred books that explain it. I expect that the Catholic corner of my modest (but not trivial) book collection (‘library’ is too splendid a word for it) will someday be housed in either a monastery or a Catholic college, since, much as I love my children, I wouldn’t think of making them the stewards thereof unless they become Catholic.
God knows how I’ve survived 74 years without this miraculous gong. I must order one before it’s too late.
Israel Gollancz was the uncle of Victor, of course. The man most famous for not publishing “Animal Farm,” and “1984.”
“5. To destroy the effects of poison;
8. To serve as an efficacious remedy for bodily afflictions…”
Those two alone must be worth the price of admission.
Didn’t know about Victor Gollancz, but Israel Gollancz died in 1930 before Orwell wrote anything. Nothing wrong, in principle, looking at Wikipedia, but it’s embarrassing that you rely on it so much.
Is that a quotation from a Harry Potter novel? Please be a bit more responsible in your citations.
Doesn’t embarrass me. But I knew about Victor and Orwell long before Wiki. Believe it or not.
Blimey JH, it’s the Benedict medal – in the story!
“Please be a bit more responsible in your citations.”
Why? I’m irresponsible in everything else.
But it’s time for bed for you. Your old minces are getting tired.
“(Begone, Satan, do not suggest to me thy vanities — evil are the things thou profferest, drink thou thy own poison).”
…Has anyone considered what a first-rate bumper-sticker that would make?
Too long for a bumper sticker, but friend of mine – Jewish – wants to put Jew Canoe on his Cadillac license plate if Transport Ministry allows it, which they won’t.
I admit my error. But no one will know what I’m admitting to because you are too lazy or incompetent to specify my mistake, so no harm done.